• Mood Stabilizers and Anxiolytics (Memorable Psychopharmacology 5 & 6)

    Buy "Memorable Psychopharmacology" on Amazon! https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1535280344 This is part the Memorable Psychopharmacology playlist on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLeZk8BXkxXt9Yr7ruQtOlnaNt6naDmz2T Mood stabilizers represent a heterogeneous class of medications with an idiosyncratic array of side effects. This lecture will help you cut through the confusion to focus on what's most important.

    published: 16 May 2014
  • Mood Stabilizers in the Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

    published: 26 Mar 2016
  • Mood Stabilizer

    published: 27 Mar 2015
  • 5 misunderstandings about Bipolar Disorder - Kati Morton treatment therapy anxiety mood stabilizers

    Today I talk about the 5 common misconceptions about bipolar disorder. 1. That there are only manic or depressive episodes in bipolar disorder 2. That bipolar II is a "milder" form of bipolar disorder 3. That mood swings during the day mean you have bipolar disorder 4. That all bipolar patients have mania 5. That people with bipolar disorder are unreliable I hope this video helps clarify what bipolar disorder is and what it can look and feel like for different people. Please share this video so you can help stop the stigma and misconceptions surrounding bipolar disorder. About Bipolar disorder: Also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disord...

    published: 08 Sep 2014
  • Antipsychotics, Mood Stabilzers Anxiolytics

    SKIP AHEAD: 1:01 – Antipsychotic Mechanism 1:58 – Antipsychotics and their Indications 3:30 – Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (Typical Antipsychotic Side Effect) 4:18 – Extrapyramidal Symptoms (Typical Antipsychotic Side Effect) 6:19 – Atypical Antipsychotics and their side effects 8:57 – Mood Stabilizers 12:58 – Anxiolytics and Benzodiazepines We will start with a quick review of some material from my previous video on psychosis. Symptoms of schizophrenia can be broken down into 2 categories, Positive and Negative Symptoms. Positive symptoms include behaviors or sensations that are not normally present. Examples include hallucinations, delusions, and catatonia. These symptoms are thought to be related to an excess of dopamine. I remember this by remembering that “doPamine has a P in it...

    published: 28 Oct 2015
  • Natural Mood Stabilizers: Overcome anxiety and depression naturally

    There are a lot of ways to stabilize your mood naturally without the use of pharmaceuticals and side effects. This video shares some of the basic principles governing mood and give you some actionable solutions. Reference links: https://lucidera.com http://purblack.com http://urbol.com/natural-mood-stabilizers/

    published: 23 Mar 2015
  • My Experience with Lamictal (Psychiatric Medication)

    Sorry for the harsh lighting!!! In this video I review the psychiatric medication called Lamictal (generic is Lamotragine). Lamictal is an anticonvulsant mood-stabilizer, usually prescribed for bipolar disorder and epilepsy. Thanks for watching! Feel free to share your own experiences in the comments below! Don't forget to like, comment, share and subscribe. Click Here To Subscribe: http://tinyurl.com/lyymlu4 Hi my name is Sammi. My channel is essentially about my experiences in life, answering viewer questions, and attempting to give occasional advice. I also make fun videos such as beauty, fashion, hauls, unboxing, gaming, and review videos. Welcome to my channel! If you like my videos don't forget to subscribe. Social Media Links: Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/rawsammi Tu...

    published: 22 Jan 2016
  • HeadMeds: Taking anti-psychotics & mood stabilisers to treat bipolar

    Treating bipolar disorder (mania, depression, anxiety) with anti-psychotics and mood stabilisers.

    published: 21 Mar 2014
  • Understanding Bipolar Disorder

    Developed and produced by http://www.MechanismsinMedicine.com Animation Description: Bipolar Disorder encompasses a wide spectrum of symptoms and is classified according to the types of mood episodes exhibited, including: manic, hypomanic, major depressive and mixed episodes. Bipolar I disorder involves a manic or mixed episode in contrast to Bipolar II disorder, which involves at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but no full manic or mixed episodes. Bipolar Disorder should be differentiated from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), which is diagnosed when a patient experiences one or more major depressive episodes without any lifetime episodes of hypomania or mania. Depicted here is a life chart (or mood chart), which follows the patient's lifetime his...

    published: 09 Mar 2011
  • Bipolar Medication: Lithium

    I hope you enjoyed the video! Here is a link to test your knowledge: http://empowern.com/2015/08/bipolar-medication-lithium/ Lithium belongs to the drug class: antimanic agents and it is sold under the US brand names: Lithobid, Eskalith, Eskalith-CR. More than 5.7 million American adults or 2.6 percent of the population age 18 or older in any given year have bipolar disorder. Lithium is helping some of this American. It has become one of the first and widely used psychiatric drugs for the treatment of bipolar disorder in the United States, since its approval in the 1970s. It also has become one of the most studied psychiatric medications. Indication: Lithium is an effective drug for bipolar disorder as its properties help to prevent, as well as stabilize, manic-depressive...

    published: 24 Aug 2015
  • Medications for Depression & Bipolar | Robert D. McMullen, MD

    Robert D. McMullen, MD about Medications for Depression & Bipolar http://tmsbraincare.com/medications-bipolar-depression-hd-video/ Medications for treatment of Depression & Bipolar disorders Major depressive disorder is also known as major depression, clinical depression, or unipolar depression. The term unipolar refers to the presence of one pole, or one extreme of mood- depressed mood. This may be compared with bipolar depression which has the two poles of depressed mood and mania (i.e., euphoria, heightened emotion and activity). Bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression) causes serious shifts in mood, energy, thinking, and behavior—from the highs of mania on one extreme, to the lows of depression on the other These are of 2 types • Bipolar I disorder involves periods of sev...

    published: 18 Jul 2016
Mood Stabilizers and Anxiolytics (Memorable Psychopharmacology 5 & 6)

Mood Stabilizers and Anxiolytics (Memorable Psychopharmacology 5 & 6)

  • Order:
  • Duration: 20:56
  • Updated: 16 May 2014
  • views: 29638
videos
Buy "Memorable Psychopharmacology" on Amazon! https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1535280344 This is part the Memorable Psychopharmacology playlist on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLeZk8BXkxXt9Yr7ruQtOlnaNt6naDmz2T Mood stabilizers represent a heterogeneous class of medications with an idiosyncratic array of side effects. This lecture will help you cut through the confusion to focus on what's most important.
https://wn.com/Mood_Stabilizers_And_Anxiolytics_(Memorable_Psychopharmacology_5_6)
Mood Stabilizers in the Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

Mood Stabilizers in the Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

  • Order:
  • Duration: 22:17
  • Updated: 26 Mar 2016
  • views: 3350
videos
https://wn.com/Mood_Stabilizers_In_The_Treatment_Of_Bipolar_Disorder
Mood Stabilizer

Mood Stabilizer

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:54
  • Updated: 27 Mar 2015
  • views: 2252
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https://wn.com/Mood_Stabilizer
5 misunderstandings about Bipolar Disorder -  Kati Morton treatment therapy anxiety mood stabilizers

5 misunderstandings about Bipolar Disorder - Kati Morton treatment therapy anxiety mood stabilizers

  • Order:
  • Duration: 5:56
  • Updated: 08 Sep 2014
  • views: 156176
videos
Today I talk about the 5 common misconceptions about bipolar disorder. 1. That there are only manic or depressive episodes in bipolar disorder 2. That bipolar II is a "milder" form of bipolar disorder 3. That mood swings during the day mean you have bipolar disorder 4. That all bipolar patients have mania 5. That people with bipolar disorder are unreliable I hope this video helps clarify what bipolar disorder is and what it can look and feel like for different people. Please share this video so you can help stop the stigma and misconceptions surrounding bipolar disorder. About Bipolar disorder: Also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder are severe. They are different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through from time to time. Bipolar disorder symptoms can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. But bipolar disorder can be treated, and people with this illness can lead full and productive lives. Most scientists agree that there is no single cause. Rather, many factors likely act together to produce the illness or increase risk. Genetics Bipolar disorder tends to run in families. Some research has suggested that people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others. Children with a parent or sibling who has bipolar disorder are much more likely to develop the illness, compared with children who do not have a family history of bipolar disorder. However, most children with a family history of bipolar disorder will not develop the illness. Brain-imaging tools, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), allow researchers to take pictures of the living brain at work. These tools help scientists study the brain's structure and activity. Some imaging studies show how the brains of people with bipolar disorder may differ from the brains of healthy people or people with other mental disorders. For example, one study using MRI found that the pattern of brain development in children with bipolar disorder was similar to that in children with "multi-dimensional impairment," a disorder that causes symptoms that overlap somewhat with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. This suggests that the common pattern of brain development may be linked to general risk for unstable moods. Signs & Symptoms People with bipolar disorder experience unusually intense emotional states that occur in distinct periods called "mood episodes." Each mood episode represents a drastic change from a person’s usual mood and behavior. An overly joyful or overexcited state is called a manic episode, and an extremely sad or hopeless state is called a depressive episode. Sometimes, a mood episode includes symptoms of both mania and depression. This is called a mixed state. People with bipolar disorder also may be explosive and irritable during a mood episode. Extreme changes in energy, activity, sleep, and behavior go along with these changes in mood. Doctors diagnose bipolar disorder using guidelines from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). To be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the symptoms must be a major change from your normal mood or behavior. There are four basic types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I Disorder—defined by manic or mixed episodes that last at least seven days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Bipolar II Disorder—defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but no full-blown manic or mixed episodes. Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (BP-NOS)—diagnosed when symptoms of the illness exist but do not meet diagnostic criteria for either bipolar I or II. However, the symptoms are clearly out of the person's normal range of behavior. Cyclothymic Disorder, or Cyclothymia—a mild form of bipolar disorder. People with cyclothymia have episodes of hypomania as well as mild depression for at least 2 years. However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for any other type of bipolar disorder. My PO Box: 1223 Wilshire Blvd. #665 Santa Monica, CA 90403 Find me: My Website: https://www.katimorton.com Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/katimorton Tumblr: https://www.katimorton.tumblr.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/katimorton1 Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/katimorton1 Help us caption & translate this video! http://amara.org/v/FLqt/ -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Mitchell Davis talks Agoraphobia, OCD & Panic Attacks | On The Couch Ep. 3 with Kati Morton" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ra8gUzMUuXY -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- mood stabilizers treatment anxiety therapy lithium
https://wn.com/5_Misunderstandings_About_Bipolar_Disorder_Kati_Morton_Treatment_Therapy_Anxiety_Mood_Stabilizers
Antipsychotics, Mood Stabilzers Anxiolytics

Antipsychotics, Mood Stabilzers Anxiolytics

  • Order:
  • Duration: 18:32
  • Updated: 28 Oct 2015
  • views: 24950
videos
SKIP AHEAD: 1:01 – Antipsychotic Mechanism 1:58 – Antipsychotics and their Indications 3:30 – Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (Typical Antipsychotic Side Effect) 4:18 – Extrapyramidal Symptoms (Typical Antipsychotic Side Effect) 6:19 – Atypical Antipsychotics and their side effects 8:57 – Mood Stabilizers 12:58 – Anxiolytics and Benzodiazepines We will start with a quick review of some material from my previous video on psychosis. Symptoms of schizophrenia can be broken down into 2 categories, Positive and Negative Symptoms. Positive symptoms include behaviors or sensations that are not normally present. Examples include hallucinations, delusions, and catatonia. These symptoms are thought to be related to an excess of dopamine. I remember this by remembering that “doPamine has a P in it”. So P for Positive and P for Dopamine. Negative symptoms are the absence of normal behavior. Examples include a lack of initiative, diminished speech, disheveled appearance & flat affect. These symptoms are thought to be related to an excess of serotonin. As we will see antipsychotics affect dopamine and serotonin to varying levels. The indications for this class of drugs includes psychosis (mainly schizophrenia), Mania (mainly bipolar disorder), aggression and Tourette's disease. Typical Antipsychotics primarily block dopamine receptors in a non-specific manor. Therefore, these drugs work best for positive symptoms, and have little effect on negative symptoms. The non-specific mechanism of the drug also means there are lots of side effects. Some of these medications come in a slow release injectable form so they can be used in non-compliant and aggressive patients. There are a lot of high yield side effects so we will break them down one by one Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (or NMS) is a rare but potentially fatal adverse reaction of typical antipsychotics. It involves fever, altered mental status, rigidity and autonomic instability (such as tachycardia, hypertension, diaphoresis etc.). You may also see elevated myoglobin in blood or urine and elevated Creatine Kinase (CK). One of the ways I think about it is that it looks kinda sorta like Serotinin Syndrome that you can see with antidepressatns. If you see this you have to emergently stop the medication, provide supportive care and consider adding Dantrolene Extrapyramidal Symptoms (or EPS) are due to blockage of Nigrostriatal dopamine. It can present with a number of different symptoms. Akasthisia is a general sensation of restlessness Acute Dystonia is involuntary continuous muscle contractions often of the neck. Another common presentation of acute dystonia is Oculogyris Crisis when your eyes get locked looking upward and you have to lean over to see Dyskinesia (AKA Pseudoparkinsonism) presents like Parkinson’s Disease with symptoms like a pill rolling tremor, cogwheel rigidity & bradykinesia (or slow movement) Tardine Dyskinesia (or TD) is uncontrollable facial tics, grimacing & tongue movements As scary as these symptoms may look, they are generally not medical emergencies. In most cases you will continue to use the drug with perhaps a reduction in the dose or the addition of an anticholinergic mediation like Benzatropine or Diphenhydramine. Tardive Dyskinesia is the exception and requires cessation of the medication as it can be permanent. Usually you would switch a patient with TD to a 2nd gen antipsychotic. Hyperprolactinemia is a side effect due to Blockage of Tuberoinfundibular dopamine. It presents just like any other disease that increases prolactin. So you can have galactorrhea, gynecomastia, decreased libido and menstrual irregularities. The text for this video is too long and exceeds Youtube max allowed length. To read the rest please go to http://www.stomponstep1.com/antipsychotics-mood-stabilizers-anxiolytics-benzodiazepines-tardive-dyskinesia-extrapyramidal-symptoms/
https://wn.com/Antipsychotics,_Mood_Stabilzers_Anxiolytics
Natural Mood Stabilizers: Overcome anxiety and depression naturally

Natural Mood Stabilizers: Overcome anxiety and depression naturally

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:51
  • Updated: 23 Mar 2015
  • views: 1442
videos
There are a lot of ways to stabilize your mood naturally without the use of pharmaceuticals and side effects. This video shares some of the basic principles governing mood and give you some actionable solutions. Reference links: https://lucidera.com http://purblack.com http://urbol.com/natural-mood-stabilizers/
https://wn.com/Natural_Mood_Stabilizers_Overcome_Anxiety_And_Depression_Naturally
My Experience with Lamictal (Psychiatric Medication)

My Experience with Lamictal (Psychiatric Medication)

  • Order:
  • Duration: 17:57
  • Updated: 22 Jan 2016
  • views: 24886
videos
Sorry for the harsh lighting!!! In this video I review the psychiatric medication called Lamictal (generic is Lamotragine). Lamictal is an anticonvulsant mood-stabilizer, usually prescribed for bipolar disorder and epilepsy. Thanks for watching! Feel free to share your own experiences in the comments below! Don't forget to like, comment, share and subscribe. Click Here To Subscribe: http://tinyurl.com/lyymlu4 Hi my name is Sammi. My channel is essentially about my experiences in life, answering viewer questions, and attempting to give occasional advice. I also make fun videos such as beauty, fashion, hauls, unboxing, gaming, and review videos. Welcome to my channel! If you like my videos don't forget to subscribe. Social Media Links: Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/rawsammi Tumblr: http://nadadrop.tumblr.com Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/sammibunny23 Instagram: @rawsammi Blog: http://rawsammi.com Patreon: http://patreon.com/rawsammi Fashion tumblr: http://sammibunny23.tumblr.com New P.O. Box!!: Samantha Adams P.O. Box 133085 Atlanta, GA 30333 Get a free audiobook: http://audibletrial.com/rawsammi
https://wn.com/My_Experience_With_Lamictal_(Psychiatric_Medication)
HeadMeds: Taking anti-psychotics & mood stabilisers to treat bipolar

HeadMeds: Taking anti-psychotics & mood stabilisers to treat bipolar

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:38
  • Updated: 21 Mar 2014
  • views: 2944
videos
Treating bipolar disorder (mania, depression, anxiety) with anti-psychotics and mood stabilisers.
https://wn.com/Headmeds_Taking_Anti_Psychotics_Mood_Stabilisers_To_Treat_Bipolar
Understanding Bipolar Disorder

Understanding Bipolar Disorder

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:54
  • Updated: 09 Mar 2011
  • views: 64060
videos
Developed and produced by http://www.MechanismsinMedicine.com Animation Description: Bipolar Disorder encompasses a wide spectrum of symptoms and is classified according to the types of mood episodes exhibited, including: manic, hypomanic, major depressive and mixed episodes. Bipolar I disorder involves a manic or mixed episode in contrast to Bipolar II disorder, which involves at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but no full manic or mixed episodes. Bipolar Disorder should be differentiated from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), which is diagnosed when a patient experiences one or more major depressive episodes without any lifetime episodes of hypomania or mania. Depicted here is a life chart (or mood chart), which follows the patient's lifetime history of mood episodes. This permits the identification of mood episodes that are the most prevalent and important to prevent. In this patient, as with many patients with bipolar disorder, depressive episodes become the more prominent aspect of the illness as the person ages. Several morphometric differences have been observed in the brains of Bipolar Disorder patients relative to healthy subjects. White matter hyperintensities and reduction in grey matter volume, identified with MRI, have been described in patients with Bipolar Disorder. Increased ventricular size and decreased frontal cortical area volumes may also be observed in Bipolar Disorder patients. The pathophysiology of Bipolar Disorder encompasses environmental, behavioural, neuronal, cellular, and molecular levels. At the molecular level, aberrant signaling cascades alter synaptic plasticity. Strong evidence supporting the importance of second messenger signaling has come from studying the targets of mood stabilizing drugs such as lithium. GSK-3 and IP3 signaling cascades are known to mediate axonogenesis, synaptogenesis, neuronal growth and cone spreading. Other downstream effects may also be involved. The heritability of bipolar disorder is around 80%. Monozygotic twins are reported to have a higher incidence of developing Bipolar Disorder, approximately 40%, whereas the incidence is only 10% in dizygotic twins. Although the process of developing bipolar disorder likely arises from complex interactions between genes and environmental factors, the specific genes that contribute to this risk are not known with certainty. Variations of several genes have been identified as potential contributors to the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. Among the identified genes are those associated with serotonin signaling (SLC6A4, TPH2), dopamine signaling (SLC6A3, DRD4), glutamate transmission (DAOA, DTNBP1), and cell maintenance and growth (NRG1, BDNF, DISC1). The most significant environmental triggers of mood episodes among patients with bipolar disorder include use of drugs with mood-altering properties, changes in circadian rhythm, and life stressors. Successful management of bipolar disorder requires particular attention to minimizing the effects of these influences. It is also available on http://www.MDPracticeGuide.com - wholly CME guideline resource dedicated to the needs of busy, practice-based physicians, which spans multiple therapeutic areas.
https://wn.com/Understanding_Bipolar_Disorder
Bipolar Medication:  Lithium

Bipolar Medication: Lithium

  • Order:
  • Duration: 13:20
  • Updated: 24 Aug 2015
  • views: 63654
videos
I hope you enjoyed the video! Here is a link to test your knowledge: http://empowern.com/2015/08/bipolar-medication-lithium/ Lithium belongs to the drug class: antimanic agents and it is sold under the US brand names: Lithobid, Eskalith, Eskalith-CR. More than 5.7 million American adults or 2.6 percent of the population age 18 or older in any given year have bipolar disorder. Lithium is helping some of this American. It has become one of the first and widely used psychiatric drugs for the treatment of bipolar disorder in the United States, since its approval in the 1970s. It also has become one of the most studied psychiatric medications. Indication: Lithium is an effective drug for bipolar disorder as its properties help to prevent, as well as stabilize, manic-depressive mood swings that occur in this psychiatric condition. By controlling mood disorder, it also reduces the risk of suicide. This is an advantage of lithium that is lacking in some other drugs. But it is more effective in preventing depression than it is in preventing mania. However, it needs time to develop and reach its ideal therapeutic level in the body before it induces any effects. Usually it takes about 1-3 weeks, however, in the case of sudden or acute bipolar episodes, if lithium hasn’t reached its optimum level in the client’s body, it can be prescribed along with other medications for effectiveness. Lithium can also be prescribed for other psychiatric disorders besides bipolar disorder. It can be useful when other drugs fail in conditions such as schizophrenia, major depression, and certain psychiatric problems in children. Mechanism of Action: Although lithium had been used for more than 50 years in the treatment of bipolar disorder, its mechanism of action was unknown; until 1998. Scientists didn’t know the cause of mood swings in bipolar disorder either. A study made in 1998, by a group of researchers from Wisconsin University shed light on how lithium works and why it is effective. It was concluded that lithium acts on certain nerve cells in the brain and the receptors of the neurotransmitter glutamate. Lithium has a dual effect on these receptors, and using this, it helps to regulate the level of glutamate between cells, preventing it from reaching too high or too low concentrations. According to the director of this research, Dr. Lowell Hokin, who is also a school professor of pharmacology at Wisconsin University; too little glutamate between neurons cause depression, while excessive amounts of glutamate cause mania. But it is also believed that there are more causes and factors involved in these disorders besides the level of glutamate, but nevertheless, the study has been very helpful as it has uncovered the fundamental causes of bipolar disorder.
https://wn.com/Bipolar_Medication_Lithium
Medications for Depression & Bipolar | Robert D. McMullen, MD

Medications for Depression & Bipolar | Robert D. McMullen, MD

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  • Duration: 8:44
  • Updated: 18 Jul 2016
  • views: 7363
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Robert D. McMullen, MD about Medications for Depression & Bipolar http://tmsbraincare.com/medications-bipolar-depression-hd-video/ Medications for treatment of Depression & Bipolar disorders Major depressive disorder is also known as major depression, clinical depression, or unipolar depression. The term unipolar refers to the presence of one pole, or one extreme of mood- depressed mood. This may be compared with bipolar depression which has the two poles of depressed mood and mania (i.e., euphoria, heightened emotion and activity). Bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression) causes serious shifts in mood, energy, thinking, and behavior—from the highs of mania on one extreme, to the lows of depression on the other These are of 2 types • Bipolar I disorder involves periods of severe mood episodes from mania to depression. The highs may even require hospitalization of the person. • Bipolar II disorder is a milder form of mood elevation, involving milder episodes of hypomania that alternate with periods of severe depression The depression that people with bipolar disorder experience is generally of a melancholic or psychotic type and therefore more biological in its nature. The depression found in these bipolar patients can be difficult to treat than unipolar depression as the antidepressants can cause them to have greater mood swings. These patients need to be on mood-stabilizing drugs. The antidepressants alone can actually increase the manic episodes and worsen the disorder. Antidepressants: divided into three main classes: • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) - were developed in the 1980's and are the most common prescribed today. They are sold under brand names such as Prozac, Paxil, Prozac, Luvox, Zoloft, Celexa • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) There are three types of MAOIs, phenelzine,(Nardil) isocarboxazid and tranylcypromine, ( Parnate) and moclobemide.) • Tricyclic drugs (TCAs). (sold as Amitriptyline, Imipramine) For effective control and to limit the side effects a combination can be used such as Wellbutrin (or bupropion). Mechanisms of action are different hence lower doses of both help control side effects. The combination of Zoloft and wellbutruim earned the popular name Welloft. The MAO inhibitors are more effective than the SSRI drugs. But can cause severe weight gain and therefore patients need to work on diet control, else the spike in blood pressure can be dangerous. They are contraindicated with drugs that work on serotonin. Lamictal (or Lamotrigine) was FDA approved for treating depression in 2003.The main advantage being, no sexual dysfunction, no sexual side effects and no weight gain. There is no sedative effect and dosage is generally much less than used for seizures. If any of the above mentioned combinations are ineffective in controlling depression, the thyroid hormone replacement drug Cytopan or Cytomel or Synthroid can be added to any of the above drug. Atypical anti-psychotics such as low doses of Zyprexa, or Abilify, or Seroquel, and the latest Quetiapine can also be prescribed. 150 mg of Lithium, normally prescribe for Bipolar at much higher doses, can be used safely without having to get regular blood checks. TMS BrainCare Address: #2, 171 W 79th St, New York, NY 10024 Phone: (212) 362-9635 http://tmsbraincare.com
https://wn.com/Medications_For_Depression_Bipolar_|_Robert_D._Mcmullen,_Md
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